People say that time is the best doctor. But there are things and events that are always in our memory. June 22 1041 was the black date in the history of Belarusians. The war entered the life of Mogilev’s residents. The war turned the blooming land into ruins. A lot of men and women were shot, burnt and tortured. Before the war the population of Mogilev totaled 112 thousand. By July 2 1944 the number reduced to 10,102.
For Mogilev City and the region the 1930s were the years of great projects, construction of industrial giants, fantastic social programs. All these plans and achievements were destroyed by the war.
Before the war Mogilev had 56 industrial enterprises employing 17,000 workers. Most of the enterprises were ruined; some of them were taken to Germany. The region lost the enterprises of the national importance – Krichev cement and asphalt plant, Shklov paper factory “Spartak”, Bykhov acetone plant, Klimovichi silicateand calcareous plant, Kostyukovichi calcareous plant and others.
Social and culture objects suffered great losses, too. Before the war Mogilev’s housing and communal fund made 233, 700 square meters (1, 188 houses). 70% of the fund was destroyed by the fascist invaders. Only 50% water supply system survived. Only 200 dwelling houses and 80 buildings survived. The power industry of Mogilev went to ruins. The equipment of the city’s enterprises was destroyed and plundered. 70 shops (from 124 of the pre-war time) were ruined.
The education also had big losses. Before the war 22 schools functioned in Mogilev: 17 – secondary schools, 3 - incomplete secondary schools, 2 – primary ones. The war destroyed 12 schools, 22 kindergartens, 7 nurseries. The building of the teachers’ training institute was burnt, the orphanage was ruined, the building of the teachers’ training college was damaged. The equipment of the education establishments was plundered and destroyed. Students born in 1926 — 1928 were taken to Germany. A lot of young children died because of poor medicine service. Many youngsters and their parents were killed. The number of young children decreased by 30%.
Before the war Mogilev paid much attention to public healthcare services. The war destroyed an emergency hospital, a maternity hospital, 4 rest houses and a home for invalids. From 198 doctors only 16 specialists survived the war, from 650 nurses only 65 survived.
The invaders destroyed really unique historical monuments of Mogilev, exhibits kept at the Mogilev local history museum.
75 years passed. But we still remember those who gave their lives for our peace and possibilities to live, love, create, bring up kids.
Alexander Godun, director of the State archives of the public organizations of Mogilev region