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Cherikov District

Official web site Cherikov district: www.cherikov.mogilev-region.by/en

Cherikov district is located in the east of Mogilev region. It was created on July 17, 1924. The area of the district is 1 thousand square km. The population counts 18.1 thousand people. The town of Cherikov (district centre), 121 rural settlements, 7 rural councils are situated on its territory.

The district's territory is lowland-hilly and flat within the Orsha-Mogilev and Chechorskaya lowlands. The heights of 150-170 m above sea level prevail, the highest point being 189 m.

Mineral wealth includes peat, building sand, chalk, clay, loam.

The average temperature in January is - minus 7.9 degrees centigrade, in July - plus 18.3 degrees centigrade. The average annual precipitation is 633 mm. Vegetation period makes up 187 days.

The chief river is the Sozh with its tributaries the Volches, the Udaga, the Lobchanka, the Senna. Forests, predominantly coniferous, birch and fir, occupy 43% of the district's territory.

Agricultural lands account for 51.6% of the district's territory. The soils are sod-podsolic (54.4%), sod-podsolic swamped (25%), flood land (10.9%).

Cattle-breeding and flax-growing constitute the basis of the district's agriculture. Agricultural enterprises grow grain and fodder crops, potatoes.

The industry is represented by food producing and wood processing enterprises, building materials companies.

Mogilev - Krichev railway, Mogilev - Cherikov and Krichev - Rogachiov motor ways cross the district.

The town of Cherikov, the centre of Cherikov district, is situated on the Sozh, 77 km away from Mogilev, 32 km away from Krichev railway station, on the crossing of Mogilev - Kostiukovichi and Bobruisk - Krichev motor ways. The population is 9 thousand people.

The main enterprises are those of building materials, milk industry enterprises, flax mills.

In early 17th century Cherikov was a village. In 1641 the settlement got the Magdeburg right. In 1678 it received the town's status. Since 1924 it has been a district centre.

The industry is represented by food producing enterprises, building materials companies and timber mills.

The chief architectural monument is the building of a hospital dating back to the 19th century.

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