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Gorki District

Official web site Gorki district: www.gorki.mogilev-region.by/en

Gorki district is located in the north-east of Mogiliov region. It was founded on July 17, 1924. Its area totals 1.3 thousand sq km. Population amounts to 27.7 thousand people. The average population density makes 23 people per sq km.

The town of Gorki is the district center. The district has 173 rural settlements and is divided into 12 village councils: Ovsiankovski, Budski, Goretski, Gorski, Dobrovski, Koptevski, Leninski, Maslokovski, Parshinski, Rudkovshchinski, Rektenski, Sovski. The district is located at Orsha-Mogiliov plain and Smolensk Highlands.

The surface of the district is a plain, with occasional dunes, river plains and ravines. The average altitude is 190-200 m above sea level. The highest point (231.4 m) is near the village of Maiseyevo. Natural resources: peat, sand, clay.

Average January temperature is minus 8.2 C, average June temperature - plus 17.8 C. Rainfall equals 640 millimeters a year. Vegetative period is 183 days.

The Pronia river crosses the territory of the district, its tributaries are the Prorasitsa, the Bystraya, the Verbovka, the Galysha; along with the Basya with its tributaries the Povna and the Golubina; the Remestvyanka, the Lebedevka, the Dnieprets, the Mereya.

The prevailing soil type is sod-podzol and sod-podzol marsh, peat-marsh. Forests make up 17% of the territory, mainly coniferous and alder. Peat fields account for 4.1% of the territory.

The plough lands total 81.6 thousand hectares, 18.8 thousand of them are drained land. The major branches of the agriculture are meat and diary cattle-breeding, flax cultivation. Farms also cultivate crops and fodder, potatoes.

Companies located in the district produce foodstuffs, construction materials, garments.

Railway Orsha-Krichev crosses the territory of the district, along with highways from Gorki to Orsha, Mogiliov, Mstislavl.

Belarusian Agricultural Academy and a teachers' training college are located in the district. 12 secondary and 6 basis schools operate in the district, along with 10 junior schools, 2 musical schools, 16 preschools, 25 clubs, 27 libraries, 6 hospitals, 21 doctor's offices.

The monuments of architecture are the ruined Catholic Church (early 19th century) and a manor (late 19th century) in the village of Rosna. A memorial and a museum of Soviet-Polish friendship is located in Lenino.

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