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Mstislavl District

Official web site Mstislavl district: www.mstislavl.mogilev-region.by/en

Mstislavl district is located in the north-east of Mogilev region. It was formed on July 17, 1924. It occupies an area of 1.3 thousand square km. The population of the district is 32.8 thousand people. The average population density is 25 people per one sq. km. There is a town of Mstislavl (the centre of the district), 162 village settlements, and 13 village councils (Dovgovichi, Zabolotye, Kopochovo, Lutnya, Mozalovo, Mushin, Podsoltovo, Razdel, Rakshino, Sapronovichi, Selets, Khodosovo, Krasnaya Gorka) in the district.

Most of the territory is located within the Gorki-Mstislavl plain. The surface is flat with hills. The average altitude is 180-220 m above sea level, the highest point (239 m) is situated six km to the west from the village of Razdel. The land slightly slopes from the north to the south. There are many wide gullies and hallows.

Natural resources: peat, sapropel, phosphorite, chalk, brick clay and loam, sand and gravel materials, construction sand.

January's average temperature is minus 8.1 C, June's average temperature - plus 18 C. Annual precipitation equals 602 millimeters. Vegetative period lasts 184 days.

The river Sozh crosses the district with its tributaries the Vikhra with the Chernaya, the Molotovka, the Chernaya Natapa with Belaya Natapa and the Volches. The river Kashenka (the Pronya's tributary ) runs in the west, while the river Remestvyanka (the Bystraya's tributary) flows in the east.

The prevailing soil type is sod-podzol (70.1%) and sod-podzol marsh (15%). Forests make up 15.8% of the territory, mainly in the west and in the south of the district. The main tree species are conifers, birch, fur-tree, aspen, oak, alder. Marshes occupy 7.3 thousand hectares, the largest is Chernaya Natapa.

Mstislavl district natural sights include water springs Belkovo and Kagalnaya Studnya.

The total area of agricultural land equals 94.7 thousand hectares, 9.6 thousand of which is drained land. Agricultural producers specialise in milk and meat cattle breeding, grain crops, potatoes, flax.

The principal industry branches are food, flax fibre, feed and construction materials production.

Orsha - Krichev railway, highways to Mogilev, Gorki, Krichev, Chausy, Khislovichi (Russia) and Unecha - Polotsk oil pipeline cross the district.

19 secondary, 4 nine-year and 4 elementary schools, a sports and 4 music schools, a specialized boarding school, a center for children's creativity, a higher construction vocational school, an agricultural vocational school, 19 kindergartens, 26 clubs, 57 libraries, 5 hospitals, a polyclinic, an out-patients station, an epidemiological station and 20 medical centers function on the territory of the district. There is a history and archeology museum in Mstislavl and a literary museum in the birthplace of the writer Maxim Goretsky in the village of Bogatkovka.

Architectural monuments of the district include a church in the village of Bastenovichi (end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century), a church in the village of Mozalovo (beginning of the 19th century), Uspensky monastery in 2 km to the south of the village of Pustynky (founded in 1380, rebuilt beginning of the 17th century and end of the 18th - 19th century), the church of Ilya the Prophet in the village of Slavnoye (1st half of the 19th century) a church in the village of Selets (2nd half of 18th century).

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